In developing the policy for energy, water or waste in a model NewVistas, the overarching goal is to provide citizens with all the resources they reasonably require for their daily goals, while minimizing or eliminating any adverse social, environmental, or economic impacts. Some specific key goals for each area include: 1. Energy. Drastically decrease our consumption while increasing the efficiency of generation and while reducing adverse effects on the environment. 2. Water. Maximize use of rainwater, eliminate opportunities for waste from infrastructure, and increase costs for more excessive or unreasonable uses. 3. Waste. Capture every bit of methane, and any other useful output from waste, including information about its contents.
If the NewVistas model were implemented today in North America, it would likely make significant use of locally sourced natural gas. This is based on the assumption that it will be feasible to eliminate emissions and contamination risks at all points in the natural gas supply chain, and at levels that give deposits a chance to reform. This is feasible in a NewVistas given the level of conservation (1/10th current energy use) the model enables. Intermittent renewable sources, such as solar, hydro and wind, may make sense for the energy profile of some existing communities. But these are unlikely to be a competitive option for any NewVistas, which can justify the expense of safe localized extraction equipment for the fifteen to twenty thousand community members. Alternative sources need to be considered in locations that ban natural gas extraction, locations that allow multiple extraction points in a small region, or in locations that allow excessive extraction. Such locations may be inherently unsustainable, especially if energy needs go up more than anticipated, or the cost of renewable technology increases due to shortages of green tech materials. Where lower impact fossil fuel usage is feasible, use of traditional renewables should be limited. Some materials to produce renewable technology should be limited in case fossil fuels sources become compromised, and for when renewable technology is more advanced.
Excel spreadsheet (NVF,Schiess 2013) summarizes the time it takes to get from the central square to an outer village at normal walking speed and when crowded.
Paper (Ovuoba 2011) explains cost analysis of system and compares cost of NewVistas System to conventional methods. Costs are as follows: Projected NewVistas system - $438 million, Conventional System - $13 million, Adistrnnual maintenance $0.46 million.
Sketchup model (NVF) shows layout of slow sand filters, potable and non potable water storage, and energy generator for a district.