The world has a transportation problem. First we are too dependent on fossil fuels. The resulting pollution, upfront cost, needed public oversight, congestion, noise, depletion of resources, and upkeep are pushing us beyond our capabilities. Second, we are too dependent on automobiles. We travel too far and we are not active while we do it causing health complications. Commuters sit for hours in traffic while time could be used more productively.
Publication (Rodrigue and Comtois 2010) describes the problems with urban transport including challenges facing urban transport, congestion, automobile dependency, and difficulties in implementing public transit.
NewVistas reduces the distance travelled by providing a local economy within walking distance of home. People often work less than 50 yards from where they sleep. Fuel is supplied onsite, vehicles are less used and more efficient. Targets: 1. Minimization of distances, congestion, and idling. 2. Vehicular transportation of people subordinate to vehicular transportation of goods, except in emergencies. 3. Ability to access 90% of destinations without using an automobile. 4. Use of an automobile is inconvenient most of the time. 5. Complete sub-economy, including markets, schools, services, churches, and health care facilities within walking distance. 6. Covered walkways so people know they can walk comfortably in poor weather.
Table (United States Department of Transportation 2001) shows breakdown of the amount of long-distance travel by vehicle for a metropolitan area.
Study (Rodrigue and Comtois) indicates that passenger transport accounts for 60%-70% of all transportation energy costs worldwide.
Website (Shields 2010) quotes values of carbon dioxide emissions for power production while examining electric vehicle emissions.
Study (Bureau of Transportation Statistics 2001) explores and reports the choices that travelers make for their long-distance travel.
Study (US DOT 2002) indicates that the average US driver drives 29 miles per day. Trips are 45% shopping and errands, 27% social/recreational, and 15% commuting. U.S. daily travel totals about 4 trillion miles/year (14,500 miles/person/year)